The face is the basis of the visual image of a person, which largely determines the beauty and attractiveness of both women and representatives of the stronger sex.
Improving the aesthetic condition of facial skin and maintaining youthfulness is an understandable desire of most people in the world. One of the most unpleasant cosmetic defects that directly affects the visual component is facial papilloma. In addition, such a manifestation can be localized either directly on the epidermal structures, or affect the mucous membranes of the lips and eyes, creating additional risks and dangers for the owner.
We will try to find answers to pressing questions about how to remove papillomas on the face and, in particular, what to do if a papilloma has formed on the eyelid.
Features and subtleties of localization of papillomas on the face
The face can be affected by different types of papillomas, which differ slightly in their visual characteristics:
- Frequent papillomas- look like small oval tubercles protruding above the surface of a healthy epidermis, but have a slightly thinner stalk and a spherical body. The consistency of such papillomas is defined as moderately dense. The color characteristics of common or vulgar papillomas can vary from light pink to brown;
- Flat papillomas– have a flat, smoothed shape, which seems to reduce the aesthetic damage of such neoplasms somewhat. However, flat papillomas often appear as multiple growths, making them even more noticeable than common warts;
- Condylomas- a rarer form of facial papillomas that occur in the area of the mucous membranes and may look like a single pointed papilla or multiple lobular structures that are whitish or pink.
As for localization, ordinary neoplasms can affect absolutely any part of the epidermis and manifest themselves as pathological growths of the basal layer, while condylomas are characteristic of the eyelid, mouth and nose area. At the same time, papilloma on the eye is considered one of the most difficult options for localizing growth, which is explained not only by the aesthetic visibility of the defect, but also by the difficulty of removing such a neoplasm.
Reasons for the formation of papillomas on the face
Benign epidermal neoplasms, known in medicine as papillomas and popularly as warts, are the only symptom of infection in a patient with the human papilloma virus, which, once it gets into the blood and skin, usually goes into a long "hibernation"goes to wait for the weakening of the host body. It should be noted that the incubation period of the virus is from 1 to 6 months. However, this does not mean that after this period an infected person will definitely face papillomas.
The rate of infection of the population with the papilloma virus is critically high and affects about 90% of all people on our planet. At the same time, you can become infected in a person who has never noticed the appearance of skin growths, but has been a carrier of the viral pathogen for a long time. The main mechanisms of HPV spread include the following routes of entry of the virus into the body:
- contact route, which is reproduced when the skin of a healthy person and a carrier of the virus comes into contact (for example, a handshake or a massage);
- The sexual route is the most aggressive and has no alternative, which is expressed in a 100% probability of transmission of the virus through unprotected contact and has a 50% probability of infection when using mechanical contraceptives (condoms);
- Transmission of HPV from mother to child – this route is more typical for condylomas that affect the internal genital organs of a woman;
- Self-infection (autoinaculation) is the spread of the virus from infected areas to healthy tissue. Therefore, papilloma on the eyelid most often occurs in response to frequent touching and rubbing of the eyes with hands;
- The household route is an indirect mechanism for transmitting the virus through shared objects or public spaces (baths, saunas, gyms, swimming pools).
Visual manifestations, namely the formation of papillomas, are noted as a result of a weakening of the body, which may be accompanied by reduced immunity, overwork, non-compliance with personal hygiene rules or an exacerbation of a chronic disease.
Why are neoplasms on the face and especially papillomas on the eyelid dangerous?
In addition to unconditional aesthetic discomfort, papilloma on the face can be dangerous due to a malignant degeneration with the subsequent development of an oncological process. This reaction is especially typical for condylomas located on the mucous membrane.
Another risk associated with the presence of papillomas is the likelihood of mechanical injury to skin growth, leading to profuse bleeding and possible infection of the wound surface. In addition, such a result is fraught with scars and scars that do not decorate the face at all. This risk is especially high if the papilloma is localized on the face of men in the shaving area.
It is only necessary to remove the papilloma on the upper eyelid, since such a growth can significantly affect the blink reflex and the natural hydration of the eyeball. In addition, papillomas on the eyelid can cause blurred vision and several ophthalmological pathologies.
How to remove papillomas from the eyelid and other areas of the face?
Removal of papillomas on the face is a difficult task in cosmetology, dermatology and surgery, since the skin in this area is very sensitive and prone to scarring. This is especially true if papilloma on the eyelid needs to be removed. Due to this feature, most experts strongly recommend abandoning self-removal of papillomas on the face using medicines and folk recipes and contacting a qualified specialist who will not only suggest the optimal method for eliminating the tumor, but also determine targeted measures for its strengtheningthe patient's immunity.
If the patient has the opportunity to independently choose a method of eliminating papillomas on the face, preference should be given to the least traumatic and at the same time most effective method - laser destruction of skin growths. The laser removes the papilloma quickly and painlessly without leaving a scar, and qualified specialists in a professional clinic individually determine the required depth and area of exposure, based on the characteristics of the patient's problem.